u MANUSCRIPT - Gurindam duabelas

Manuscript > Gurindam duabelas

Detail Information

Title: Gurindam duabelas
Full Title: Gurindam duabelas
Author: Raja 'Alī Haji
Place, Date of Birth: Selangor, 1808 M
Place, Date of Dead: Penyengat Island, Riau Islands, 1873 M
Place of Activity: Pulau Penyengat, Riau Islands
Language: Malay
Script: Jawi
Subject Matter: Ethics
Genre: Poetry
Date of Autograph (century): 19
Notes: This traditional Malay poetry is divided into twelve sections and contains religious messages to Muslims personally, kings or leaders and societies. It also contains parent duties toward their children and vice versa, etc. It looks similar with syair. The first line is called as syarat and the second one is jawab. Sutan Takdir Alisjahbana includes this Gurindam Dua Belas in his Puisi Lama in 1969. Below is the first section of famous Gurindam Dua Belas: Barang siapa tiada memegang agama Segala-gala tiada boleh dibilang nama Barang siapa mengenal yang empat Maka yaitulah orang yang maârifat Barang siapa mengenal Allah Suruh dan tegaknya tiada ia menyalah Barang siapa mengenal diri Maka telah mengenal akan Tuhan yang bahri Barang siapa mengenal dunia Tahulah ia barang yang terpedaya Barang siapa mengenal akhirat Tahulah ia dunia mudharat